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South Sudan government to prepare for too much rainfall.

By: Khamis Cosmas Lokudu.

 khamiscosmas@gmail.com

CEPO Media and Communication Manager.

The government of the Republic of South Sudan was warned to prepare for heavy rainfall that will cause flooding in other parts of the country. The fiftieth great Horn of Africa climate outlook forum held in Kigali Rwanda late last month predicted that in the upcoming Months South Sudan is going to have good rainfall. The Consensus Climate Outlook for October to December 2018 constitutes an important rainfall season over the equatorial sector of the Greater Horn of Africa region and South   Sudan is inclusive.

The outlook is relevant for seasonal time scales and relatively large areas. Local and month-to-month variations might occur as the October to December 2018 season progresses. It is likely that episodic rainfall events leading to flash floods might occur even in areas with increased likelihood of near to below normal rainfall. Also, dry spells may occur in areas with increased likelihood of above to near normal rainfall.  World meteorological organization in collaboration with Global Climate Centres will continue to provide status of global climate including ENSO updates. IGAD climate prediction and application centres will also provide regular regional climate updates at 10-day and monthly timescales while the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services will provide downscaled and detailed national and sub-national forecast updates

According to Dr Ahmed Amdihun IGAD Technical Advisor on Disaster Risk Reduction, His presentation at the greater Horn of Africa climate outlook forum 50 revealed that Bor experienced flooding at the end of May 2018, other areas affected includes Twic east, Duk County, Ayod and Fagak about 13 Million households affected, but no serious damage to settlement but road infrastructures affected and livelihood activities were disrupted.

He (Dr Ahmed ) continue by saying that in June 2018,  Gemeiza Island  located in Terekeka state experienced flooding with unverified reports of displacement  and damage of property. According to Dr Ahmed Amdihun document, the period of June - July 2018, Terekeka State experienced prolonged dry spell in almost all the counties that had resulted to low productivity and about 1,023 households from the internal displaced persons assessed have worsening and alarming humanitarian situation; however, the state government was able to provide some life-saving aid that includes food and non-food items.

Another information presented by Dr Ahmed Amdihun was that in early august , heavy rains were experienced in lakes state that caused flash flooding and affected 39 households in Anyan Mayar, 25 households in Yirol and 29 households in Rumbek East where the flooding affected roads which became impassable limiting livelihoods activities.

The Fiftieth Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF50) was convened from 27-28 August 2018 by IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre in collaboration with WISER, World meteorological organization, AfDB, UNDP, USAID, African SWIFT programme, and other partners to formulate a consensus regional climate outlook for the October to December 2018 rainfall season over the Greater Horn of Africa region. The greater Horn of African region comprises of the 11 countries Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. GHACOF50 was preceded by a capacity building training workshop for the national climate scientists that was held from 20 to 25 August 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya to develop national and regional climate outlooks for the season.