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Concerns for African Union Peace Security Council on 15th October 2019 in Addis Ababa

INTRODUCTION

The Republic of South Sudan became the world’s newest nation and Africa’s 55th country on July 9, 2011. Two years after its independence the country was riddled by civil war over political leadership. The warring parties signed a peace agreement in August 2015 that created a transitional government of national unity in April 2016. However, in July 2016, fighting broke out in Juba between groups of the two principal signatories, plunging the country back into conflict. A new peace agreement was signed in August 2018 between President Salva Kir and Dr. Riek Machar. This led to the establishment of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution Conflict in South Sudan on 12th September 2018.

The African Union has been instrumental in this process of restoring peace in South Sudan and it is important that all efforts possible are made to enhance and sustain peace in South Sudan.

ISSUES THAT REQUIRE INTERVENTION PRIOR TO THE 12TH NOVEMBER 2019

  1. Security arrangement pending issues
  • Cantoning and barracking of forces
  • training and redeployment of the necessary unified forces and
  • formation of genuine VIP protection unit Number and boundaries of the states
  1. Resolution of the boundaries and number of states
  2. Incorporation of Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution Conflict in South Sudan to the transitional constitution amended 2015
  3. Non-signatories to Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution Conflict in South Sudan expressed interest for dialoguing with the incumbent government
  4. African Union role in Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution Conflict in South Sudan chapter 5

PROPOSALS FOR DECISIONS OR ADOPTION

Issue 1: Security arrangement pending issues

  1. African Union Peace Security Council should second technical security and military advisors with experiences on unification of Defense and Security forces of conflicting parties including structuring of VIP protection unit for conflicting parties that signed peace accord
  2. African Union Peace Security Council should encourage member states to voluntarily contribute technical advisors for complementing IGAD efforts for genuine deliverance of the security arrangements
  3. African Union Peace Security Council should strongly urge the parties with forces to expedite their forces reporting to cantonment sites and barracks

Issue 2: Number and Boundaries of States

  1. African Union Peace Security Council should strongly urge the South Sudan parties to operationalize the established committee for resolving the boundaries and number of the states in accordance to adopted resolution of 11th September 2019 face-to-face meeting held in Juba
  2. African Union Peace Security Council should treat this issue as political that requires political decision from the South Sudan parties to Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan in accordance to the report of the independence boundaries commission 
  3. African Union Peace Security Council should be consider this issue as a priority and urgent because it is a potential trigger for violence/returning the country into violence

Issue 3: Incorporation of R-ARCSS to the transitional constitution amended 2015

  1. African Union Peace Security Council should put pressure for the incumbent Parliament should take the incorporation of Revitalized Agreement Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan into Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011  amended 2015

Issue 4: Non-signatories to R-ARCSS expressed interest for dialoguing with the incumbent government for resolving political difference than military approach for seeking solution

  1. African Union Peace Security Council should entrust African Union Ad hoc committee  (AU C-5) with some responsibility of complement IGAD on-going mediation process between the parties to Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan and Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan non-signatories
  2. African Union Peace Security Council should urge the non-signatories to Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan to abstain from the military approach for resolving their political differences with the government

Issue 5: Formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity

  1. Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan should call upon the South Sudan parties to commit for inclusive formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity
  2. Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan should urge the South Sudan parties to share responsibility at all levels of the government through political consensus
  3. Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan should urge IGAD leadership to conduct an urgent IGAD Summit on South Sudan
  4. Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan should welcome the recent United Nations Security Council on South Sudan dated 11th September 2019.
  5. Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan should urge IGAD leadership to adopt genuine timeline for sorting out the outstanding issues on the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unit
  6. Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan should urge the Government of South Sudan to expedite release of the available funds and the government should enhance efforts of mobilizing for funds needed for the implementation of the peace accord   

Issue 5: African Union and Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan Chapter 5

  1. African Union Peace Security Council should direct African Union Commission to pilot execution of African Union Transitional Justice Policy to be in South Sudan.
  2. African Union Peace Security Council should encourage the continued dialogue between the government and African Union on the responsibility for operationalizing the Hybrid Court for South Sudan.
  3. African Union Peace Security Council should demonstrate to the South Sudan parties that the African Union responsibility for the Hybrid Court for South Sudan is not only limited on seeking of accountability but also African Union  responsibility covers the responsibility for strengthening South Sudan accountability institutions