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CEPO press statement.


Press Release 12nd May 2019 


June 12th May 2019 marks the end of the first month of the extended six months period for the pre-traditional period for the implementation of the signed Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) per the decision of the South Sudan parties’ signatories to the (R-ARCSS). The extension of the pre-transitional period was aiming at implementing the identified pending tasks of the past pre-transitional period that were not delivered during the first phase of the pre-transitional period dated 12th September 2018 to 12th May 2019. Community Empowerment for Progress Organization was closely tracking the parties’ commitment for the deliverance of the pre-transitional period pending tasks within the extended period of six month (12th May-12th November 2019). CEPO findings demonstratd that the parties have delivered limited progress in implementing the pending tasks. The security sector have witnessed some impressive developments but not at the capacity which was expected due to slow deliverance of funds for implementing the pending tasks associated with security sector.  The parties to the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan are required to double efforts to deliver the required results during the next five months to meet the pre-conditions for the establishment of the transitional government.

Mr. Edmund Yakani, Executive Director of CEPO says out of the proposed tasks to be delivered during the extended pre-transitional period by the IGAD communique dated 3rd May 2019,  less than 20% of the required tasks were delivered. Out of 9 defined tasks in the IGAD communique dated 3rd May 2019 progressive attempts were delivered on tasks namely Government release of funds for National Pre-Transitional Period Committee and Priority should be given to completing the cantonment and unification of forces to establish an effective security arrangement for the full implementation of the R-ARCSS

Tasks such as demilitarization of civilian centers and regular face-to-face meeting of the top leadership of the parties to the R-ARCSS were not delivered by the majority of the parties’ security actors. South Sudan People’s Defence Forces only handover Kodok Secondary School in Fasoda dated 22nd May 2019 after five years of occupation since 2014. The other parties’ that are signatories to R-ARCSS have done less to demilitarized civil centers under their occupation.  70% of the defined pending tasks by IGAD communique dated 3rd May 2019 requires the principals of the parties signatories to R-ARCSS to play regular role in pushing their representatives tasked to various mechanisms and  institutions for delivering the pending tasks to get committed, and the release of funds timely for implementation of the pending tasks is paramount. Yakani stressed

CEPO is urging IGAD and Africa Union to expedite the call for facilitation for “regular face-to-face meetings of the top leadership of the Parties to the R-ARCSS to review progress towards implementation”. This is a great strategy for gaining political will and commitment from the principals of the parties to R-ARCSS. It is clear that speedy move for delivering the pending tasks for the pre-transitional period is determinate by the influence of the principals or top leadership of the parties to R-ARCSS. The risk of reaching 12th November 2019 with delivering less than 50% of the defined pending tasks per IGAD communique dated 3rd May 2019 is higher, if the top leadership of the parties are not pro-actively engaged on the implementation of the pending tasks. IGAD and Africa Union leadership need to get pro-active   on the implementation of R-ARCSS.    

Summary of CEPO findings on first month of extended six months of the pre-transitional period



Pending tasks

Implementing bodies

Status of Compliance

Status of Non-compliance




Priority should be given to completing the cantonment and unification of forces to establish an effective security arrangement for the full implementation of the R-ARCSS;

Parties to R-ARCSS



Each armed party have internal challenges of dealing with number of troops

Parties required  to review their decisions if they’re not workable/realistic  for the sake of meeting deadlines


IGAD Heads of State and Government to convene regular face-to-face meetings of the top leadership of the Parties to the R-ARCSS to review progress towards implementation;



Total silence from IGAD about it

Some member states of IGAD are less concern on this call and AU C5 is not taking pro-active role in pushing IGAD to expedites this call

IGAD Special Envoy needs to pursue the IGAD and NPTC  leadership for expediting this action


NPTC to establish clear deadlines for the implementation of tasks that do not require funding, for example demilitarization of civilian centers, etc.




Parties less appetite in demilitarizing civilians centers

The parties top leadership need to direct their military leadership to demilitarize the occupied civilians centers


IGAD to engage the partners and friends of South Sudan to secure their full support to the effective implementation of the R-ARCSS, including by regularly convening the Revitalized Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (RJMEC) Partners Forum, to discuss funding and other support to the implementation of the Agreement;



Attempts were done but limited response from the parties to R-ARCSS

RJMEC Partners forum is a space of difficulty  in reaching consensus due to divided position of the forum members

Technical dialogue between NPTC and potential donors is required


The NPTC and Joint Defence Board (JDB) to establish effective coordination mechanism for all the security institutions to review weekly progress, address emerging challenges and share information;





Limited funds or irregularity in funds release for speedy security arrangements is hindering the process of speeding up implementation of pending security arrangements tasks

More efforts are needed next month


IBC to expedite its work on the determination of the number and boundaries of states and restructuring and composition of the Council of States;






Matters of hardship in reaching conclusion may be facing IBC in finishing its works 

Preparation of political atmosphere for IBC pro-announcement is required


NPTC to develop a strategy for the joint dissemination of the Peace Agreement by the Parties in a harmonized manner and to continue with confidence building measures; and




This call have less appetites among the parties to R-ARCSS

CEPO is attempting to partner with NPTC over execution of this action


NPTC and other mechanisms of the Agreement may seek support from IGAD Member States and International Partners to second advisors to support the various security mechanisms including JDB, Joint Transitional Security Committee (JTSC), Joint Military Ceasefire Commission (JMCC), and Strategic Defence and Security Review Board (SDSRB)








Security mechanisms are required to push NPTC for compliance 

Security arrangements mechanism and institutions are required to be timely funded by the government to deliver actions